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 •  Allucquere Rosanne/Sandy Stone (U. Texas, Austin)
 •  Amy Bruckman (Georgia Tech)
 •  Andreas Dieberger (IBM Almaden Research Center)
 •  Andrew Feenberg (Simon Fraser U.)
 •  Daniel Chandler (U. Wales, Aberystwyth)
 •  Ernst Von Glasersfeld (U. Massachusetts, Amherst)
 •  Eugene Thacker (Georgia Inst. of Tech)
 •  George P. Landow (Brown U.)
 •  Jon Katz
 •  Kevin Kelly
 •  Kevin Lee Thomason
 •  Mark Poster (U. California, Irvine)
 •  Matthew G. Kirschenbaum (U. Maryland)
 •  Michael Heim
 •  Nancy Kaplan (U. Of Baltimore)
 •  Paul Virilio
 •  Rosi Braidotti (U. Utrecht)
 •  Samuel Ebersole (Regent U., Virginia),
 •  Shawn P. Wilbur
 •  Sherry Turkle (Mass. Inst. of Tech)
 •  Steve Mizrach (Florida International U.)
 •  Stuart Moulthrop (U. Baltimore)
 •  Richard Thieme
 •  Arthur Kroker
 •  John Perry Barlow
 •  Mitchel Resnick (Mass. Inst. of Technology)
 •  Peter Kollock (U. California, Los Angeles)
 •  Peter Ludlow (U. Michigan)
 •  Howard Rheingold
 •  Nicholas Negroponte (MIT)
 •  Lawrence Lessig (Stanford Law)
Writings, Interviews   Suggest a Link
Alexander (Sasha) Chislenko's Home Page 
John Arquilla & David Ronfeldt (RAND Foundation), "Cyberwar & Netwar: Warfare Between Networks" (1993) (on paradigm shift in military science to information war)
Paul Baran Rand Memorandum RM-3420-PR, Aug. 1964 (in which Baran sketches his concepts and topographies of networks) (Rand Corp.)
Richard Barbrook and Andy Cameron, "The Californian Ideology" ("The California Ideology is a mix of cybernetics, free market economics, and counter-culture libertarianism and is promulgated by magazines such as Wired and Mondo 2000 as well as the books of Stewart Brand, Kevin Kelly and many others. The new faith has been embraced by computer nerds, slacker students, thirty-something capitalists, hip academics, futurist bureaucrats and even the President of the USA himself. . . .")
John Perry Barlow
John Perry Barlow, "Selling Wine Without Bottles: The Economy of Mind on the Global Net" (1996) 
John Perry Barlow "A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace" (1996) 
Shannon Bell, "Kate Bornstein: A Transgender Transsexual Postmodern Tiresias" (CTHEORY)
Dean Blobaum (U. Chicago Press), Review of Sven Birkerts's The Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in the Electronic Age (1995) 
Rosi Braidotti (U. Utrecht)
"Cyberfeminism with a Difference" (1996) ("I will first of all situate the question of cyber-bodies in the framework of postmodernity, stressing the paradoxes of embodiment . . . ")
Kathleen O'Grady (Cambridge U.), "Nomadic Philosopher: A Conversation with Rosi Braidotti" (1995) (Women's Education des femmes), U. Iowa Libraries)
Sandra Braman (U. Illinois), "Art in the Net" (essay on the sociocultural relation of the arts to information society) (Undercurrents)
Amy Bruckman (Georgia Tech)
Amy Bruckman (Georgia Tech), "Cyberspace is not Disneyland: The Role of the Artist in a Networked World" (1995)  
"Gender Swapping on the Internet" (1993) 
Amy Bruckman and Michael Resnick "The MediaMOO Project: Constructionism and Professional Community" (1995) 
"The Turing Game: Exploring Identity in an Online Environment" (2001) ( Convergences)
William S. Burroughs, The Electronic Revolution (Malcolm Humes)
Vannevar Bush, "As We May Think" (1945) (HTML version of the canonical essay on hypertext; originally published in The Atlantic Monthly)
V. Carchidi, "Come Into My Web: Literary Postcolonialism in the Information Technology Age" (1997) 
Daniel Chandler (U. Wales, Aberystwyth)
"Personal Home Pages and the Construction of Identities on the Web" (1998) 
Lynn Cherny (Stanford U.), "Gender Differences in Text-Based Virtual Reality" (1994) 
Chris Chesher, "Colonizing Virtual Reality: Construction of the Discourse of Virtual Reality, 1984-1992" (1994)" (cultural studies approach to "cyberspace" and "virtual reality") (Cultronix)
Cyberculture: An Annotated Bibliography (Resource Center for Cyberculture Studies)
Charles Deemer "The Humanities in Cyberspace How the Internet is Changing Teaching and Scholarship in the Humanities" (Oregon Humanities magazine) (1994)
Mark Dery, "Culture Jamming: Hacking, Slashing and Sniping in the Empire of Signs" 
Julian Dibbell, "A Rape in Cyberspace, or How an Evil Clown, a Haitian Trickster Spirit, Two Wizards, and a Cast of Dozens Turned a Database into a Society" (1993) (Village Voice, McGraw-Hill Higher Education)
Andreas Dieberger (IBM Almaden Research Center)
Navigation in Textual Virtual Environments Using a City Metaphor (dissertation; includes abstract and download link) (1994)
Social connotations of spatial metaphors and their influence on (direct) social navigation (1999) 
"Where did all the people go? A collaborative Web space with social navigation information" (2000) 
Judith S. Donath (MIT Media Lab), "Identity and Deception in the Virtual Community" (1996) 
Samuel Ebersole (Regent U., Virginia),
Brief History of Technology 
Early Philosophers of Technology 
The Neutrality of Technology 
Philosophical Assumptions of Cyberspace 
Elizabeth Reed Steere "Electropolis: Communication and Community on Internet Relay Chat" (1991) (thesis)
Fred Evans, "Cyberspace and the Concept of Democracy" (long essay which argues that "the Internet's status as a "virtual" rather than actual reality (its status as a serendipitous form of what phenomenologists call an epochéor a "placing within brackets" of our standard beliefs) reveals some of the more
Andrew Feenberg (Simon Fraser U.)
Andrew Feenberg Homepage 
"Community Technology and Democratic Rationalization" (2002) 
Questioning Technology (1999) 
"The Written World: On the Theory and Practice of Computer Conferencing" (1989) 
Michael and Ronda Hauben, Netizens: On the History and Impact of Usenet and the Internet (four of the eighteen chapters of this book are published here) (First Monday: Peer-Reviewed Journal on the Internet)
N. Katherine Hayles (UCLA), "The Materiality of Informatics" (1993) (Configurations)
Michael Heim
Michael Heim Homepage ("a philosophical endeavor initiated by Michael Heim"; includes seminars, books, and conferences on digital and virtual reality)
Michael Heim Articles
"Some Observations on Web Art Writing" (Fine Art Forum) (September 2000)
"The Feng Shui of Virtual Environments" (presented at the VRST 2000 (ACM, SIGGRAPH) in Seoul, Korea)
"Humanistic Discussion and the On-Line Conference" (1986) (pdf)
Geert Lovink, "Heidegger ON-Line: Interview with Michael Heim" (1993) (Mediamatic)
"The Nerd in the Noosphere" (1995) (Computer-Mediated Communication Magazine)
"Reflections on the Computer Screen" (1990) (Postmodern Culture)
Michael Heim Books
"Critique of the Word in Process" (chapter from Michael Heim's Electric Language, 1987)
"Erotic Ontology of Cyberspace" (chapter from Michael Heim's The Metaphysics of Virtual Reality, 1993)
Michael Heim, Deep Cyberspace (1997) (seminar)
Oliver Hockenhull, "Towards a Furious Philosophy of the Discrete" 
Norman N. Holland (U. Florida), "The Internet Regression'" 
Jane Hudson "Cybervamp" 
Internet Interviews (Resource Center for Cyberculture Studies)
Nancy Kaplan (U. Of Baltimore)
E-Literacies: Politexts, Hypertexts and Other Cultural Formations in the Late Age of Print (hypertext essay)
Literacy and Technology: Beyond the Book (an analysis with a succinct set of hypertext indices) (Xerox PARC August 25, 2000)
Jon Katz
"Birth of a Digital Nation" (1997) 
"The Digital Citizen" (1997) (""The First in-depth poll finds Digital Citizens are optimistic, tolerant, civic-minded, and radically committed to change") (Wired)
Kevin Kelly
Kevin Kelly "God is the Machine" (2002) ("a mind-bending meditation on the transcendent power of digital computation")(Wired)
Kevin Kelly New Rules for the New Economy: 10 ways the network economy is changing everything (1998) 
Kevin Kelly Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems and the Economic World (1994) (1994) ("This book describes how technology is becoming biological, decentralized and distributed")
Matthew G. Kirschenbaum (U. Maryland)
Matthew Kirschenbaum Homepage 
Lines for a Virtual T/y/o/pography (in-progress hypertext and VRML dissertation being written "real-time" on the net; concerns the work of textuality theorist/artist Johanna Drucker)
Matthew G. Kirschenbaum "Lucid Mapping and Codex Transformations in the Z-Buffer" (1998) 
Matthew Kirschenbaum (U. Maryland) "Materiality and Matter and Stuff: What Virtual Texts are Made Of" (2003) 
Matthew Kirschenbaum (U. Maryland) "Vector Futures: New Paradigms for Imagining the Humanities"  (pdf)
Matthew Kirschenbaum (U. Maryland) "Virtuality and VMRL: Software Studies after Manovich" (2003) 
Matthew Kirschenbaum (U. Maryland) "A White Paper on Information" (1998) 
Peter Kollock (U. California, Los Angeles)
"The Economies of Online Cooperation: Gifts and Public Goods in Cyberspace" (1999) 
Peter Kollock and Marc Smith, "Managing the Virtual Commons: Cooperation and Conflict in Computer Communities" (1996) 
Mark Smith and Peter Kollock (Univ. Cali, Los Angeles) Communities in Cyberspace (1998) 
Arthur Kroker
"Digital Humanism: The Processed World of Marshall McLuhan (CTHEORY)
Arthur Kroker and Marilouise Kroker "Code Warriors: Bunkering In and Dumbing Down" (CTHEORY)
Arthur Kroker and Michael Weinsten "The Hyper-Texted Body, Or Nietzsche Gets a Modem" (CTHEORY)
George P. Landow (Brown U.)
George Landow Home Page (including "Cyberspace, Hypertext, and Critical Theory" site)
Hypertext: The Convergence of Contemporary Critical Theory and Technology (1993) 
Review of Jay David Bolter's Writing Space: The Computer, Hypertext, & the History of Writing 
Review of James Nyce and Paul Kahn's From Memex to Hypertext: Vannevar Bush & the Mind's Machine 
John M. Lawler (U. of Michigan, Ann Arbor), "Metaphors We Compute By" (1987) 
Elizabeth Lane Lawley (U. Alabama), "Computers and the Communication of Gender" 
Jacques Leslie, "The Impact of E-Mail" (1993) (HotWired)
Lawrence Lessig (Stanford Law)
Lawrence Lessig homepage 
Lawrence Lessig "Code is Law: On Liberty in Cyberspace" (2000) 
Lawrence Lessig (Stanford Law) "The Laws of Cyberspace" (1998) 
Lawrence Lessig blog 
Lawrence Lessig (Stanford Law) Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lockdown Culture and Control Creativity (2004) (resources related to the book and link to full text of the book)
Peter Ludlow (U. Michigan)
Peter Ludlow (U. Michigan) "Crypto-Anarchy, Cyberstates, and Pirate Utopias" (2001) 
Peter Ludlow (U. Michigan), ed., High Noon on the Electronic Frontier: Conceptual Issues in Cyberspace (1996) (excerpts) ("drafts" of most of the essays in the volume by various authors; includes a wealth of links to supplementary readings)
Timothy W. Luke (Virginia Tech U.), From Analogue to Digital Fordism 
The Manifesto of the Futurist Programmers (manifesto in imitation of Umberto Boccioni's 1910 "Manifesto of the Futurist Painters") (text file)
Michael Maranda (U. Rochester), "Faking it in Cyberspace: Boys will be Girls will be Boys" (1994) 
Victor Margolin (U. Illinois, Chicago), "The Politics of the Artificial" (1995) (philosophical approach to the concept of artifice that includes discussion of William Gibson, Jean Baudrillard, Donna Haraway, and other postmodern writers)
María Elena Martínez Torres (U. California, Berkeley), "The Internet: Post-Modern Struggle by the Dispossessed of Modernity" (1997) ("The paradox of the revolution in technology that took world capitalism to a new stage of structure and organization-globalization-is that exactly the same technology has also made possible the creation of a counter-hegemonic movement, the global ci
Jamie McClelland (Community Technology Review), "Public Space in Cyberspace" 
Chris McDonald (U. British Columbia), "The Ethics of Web Site Engineering" (1995) 
Shannon McRae (U. Washington), "Coming Apart at the Seams: Sex, Text, and the Virtual Body" (1995)
Gordon Meyer & Jim Thomas, (N. Illinois Univ. Dekalb), "The Baudy World of the Byte: A Postmodernist Interpretation of the Computer Underground" 
Adrian Mihalache, "The Postmodernity of Cyberspace" (2000) (Spark-Online)
Hugh Miller (Nottingham Trent U., UK), "The Presentation of Self in Electronic Life: Goffman on the Internet" (1995) (includes a typology of WWW personal home pages)
Steve Mizrach (Florida International U.)
Homepage (topics include: telecom and society, hacking and the computer underground, technological subcultures, technology and culture, science and technology studies, ethnostudies)
"Iterative Discourse and the Formation of New Subcultures" (essay using subcultural studies approach to discuss "hackers," "techno/ravers," and "modern primitives")
Steve Mizrach "Natives on the Electronic Frontier" (dissertation)
Stuart Moulthrop (U. Baltimore)
Stuart Moulthrop (U. Baltimore) "404: Doubting the Web" (2000) 
Stuart Moulthrop (U. Baltimore) "Misadventure: Future Fiction and the New Networks" (1999) (Style)
Stuart Moulthrop Home Page 
Nicholas Negroponte (MIT)
Nicholas Negroponte's columns for Wired  
Nicholas Negroponte (MIT Media Lab), Being Digital (1995) 
Adam T. Perzynski (Case Western Reserve U.) "The Internet and the Theories of Jürgen Habermas" 
Mark Pesce, "Final Amputation: Pathogenic Ontology in Cyberspace" (1993) 
Mark Poster (U. California, Irvine)
Mark Poster Homepage 
"CyberDemocracy: Internet and the Public Sphere" 
"Postmodern Virtualities" 
Interview of Mark Poster in Seulemonde 
Neil Postman, "Informing Ourselves to Death" (1990) 
Mitchel Resnick (Mass. Inst. of Technology)
Mitchel Resnick Homepage 
Mitchel Resnick (MIT) "Beyond the Centralized Mindset" (1996) 
Mitchel Resnick (MIT) "Changing the Centralized Mind" (1994) 
Mitchel Resnick (MIT) "Learning About Life" (1994) 
Mitchel Resnick (MIT) "Behavior Construction Kits" (1993) 
Mitchel Resnick (MIT) "Rethinking Learning in the Digital Age" (2003) 
with Brian Silverman, "Exploring Emergence: An Active Essay" (1996) 
Howard Rheingold
Howard Rheingold, "21st: Mark Dery Achieves Escape Velocity" (on "post-humanism") (Salon)
Howard Rheingold, The Virtual Community  
Smart Mobs ("a Website and Weblog about Topics and Issues discussed in the book Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution by Howard Rheingold")
Tim Rohrer (U. Oregon), "Feelings Stuck in a GUI Web or; Metaphors we compute by: bringing magic into interface design 
David Ronfeldt (RAND Foundation), "Cyberocracy, Cyberspace, and Cyberology: Political Effects of the Information Revolution" 
Ken Sanes, Transparency (site featuring essays by a former newspaper columnist and freelance writer on cultural studies and cyberculture)
Simon Schaffer, "Babbage's Intelligence: Calculating Engines and the Factory System" 
Jeremy J. Shapiro and Shelley K. Hughes (Fielding Inst.), "Information Literacy as a Liberal Art: Enlightenment Proposals for a New Curriculum" (1996) 
Steven Shaviro (U. Washington), Doom Patrols ("theoretical fiction about postmodernism and popular culture"; full text of book) (1995-1997)
John Shirley webpage 
Steve Silberman "Black Flight to the Net" ("The author of a new study reporting a US$53 million surge in high-tech purchases by African American families in 1996 says that the rush of blacks to the online world is being driven partly by a hunger to find replacements for news and programming") (Wired)
Marc Smith and Peter Kollock, eds., Communities in Cyberspace: Perspectives on New Forms of Social Organizaton (1997) (table of contents)
Morten Soby (U. Oslo) "Possessed by Virtual Reality" 
Alan Sondheim Internet Text 
Elizabeth Reed Steere Cultural Formations in Text-Based Virtual Realities (1994) (MA thesis)
Stewart Brand Interview, June 15, 1995 (on the Internet as a "gift economy") (WGBH Educational Foundation)
Allucquere Rosanne/Sandy Stone (U. Texas, Austin)
Allucquere Rosanne/Sandy Stone Homepage 
A Conversation with Sandy Stone (SPEED, U. California, Irvine)
Sandy Stone, "The Empire Strikes Back: A Posttranssexual Manifesto" (1988) 
Allucquere Rosanne Stone Interview for MONDO 2000 (1993) 
Allucquere Rosanne Stone, "Violation and Virtuality: Two Cases of Physical and Psychological Boundary Transgressions and Their Implications" (1993) 
Allucquere Rosanne Stone, "What Vampires Know: Transsubjection and Transgender in Cyberspace" (1993)  
John Suler (Rider University) The Psychology of Cyberspace  
Eugene Thacker (Georgia Inst. of Tech)
Eugene Thacker Homepage  
LifeScience - Fakeshop Internet Art Exhibits (description of art exhibit) (Siggraph 2000 Art Gallery)
Eugene Thacker (Georgia Inst. of Tech) Appropriate Technology: Artificial Products, Mediation, and Streaming Media (explores Streaming Media via the thesis that it is essentially paradoxical due to the fact that it is defined by both presence and absence)
Eugene Thacker (Georgia Inst. of Tech) "Networks, Swarms, and Multitudes" (2004) (CTheory)
Eugene Thacker (Georgia Inst. of Tech) "This Quintessence of Your Blood" (1995) (Deleuze-inspired inter-hyper-meta-text essay)
Richard Thieme
Richard Thieme Homepage ("on the impact of computer technology on individuals, organizations, and society - including change management, organizational effectiveness, diversity, and techno/spirituality") (Richard Thieme)
Richard Thieme "Imaginary Gardens" (1999) ("reflections on techno/spirituality")
Richard Thieme Islands in the Clickstream ("weekly exploration of the impact of technology")
Kevin Lee Thomason
"The Binary Split: Race and Technology at the End of the 20th Century" ("how recent advances in information technology will affect this already divided country") (Seamless Website)
"Using Computer Generated Evidence" ("explores the use of computer animations in the courtroom")
Paul Treanor, "Why Telecity Projects Are Wrong" ("The EU now uses the name telecities for projects which were originally called freenets in the United States. They are also called digital cities, or telepolis. . . . Characteristic of telecity projects is the claim to provide some ki
Hoai-An Truong Gender Issues in Online Communications (essay by Bay Areas Women in Telecommunications)
Sherry Turkle (Mass. Inst. of Tech)
Sherry Turkle Homepage 
Sherry Turkle (MIT) "When Parents Separate" 
Sherry Turkle (MIT) "Virtuality and Its Discontents: Searching for Community in Cyberspace" (1995) (adapted from her Life on the Screen)
Sherry Turkle (MIT) "What Are We Thinking About When We Are Thinking About Computers" (1999) 
Sherry Turkle (MIT) "Who Am We?" (1999) ("We are moving from modernist calculation toward postmodernist simulation, where the self is a multiple, distributed system") (HotWired)
Umberto Eco's Analogy "Mac:DOS as Catholic:Protestant" (excerpts are from an English translation of Umberto Eco's back-page column, "La bustina di Minerva," in the Italian news weekly Espresso, September 30, 1994)
Willard Uncapher, "Between Local and Global: Placing the Mediascape in the Transnational Cultural Flow" (1992) (Word document)
John Unsworth (U. Virginia), "Living Inside the (Operating) System: Community in Virtual Reality (Draft)" 
Shmuel Vaknin "The Internet: A Message or a Medium -- An Interim Report About the Future of the Internet" (July 1997) 
Paul Virilio
General Resources
Dromosphere (Virilio links from Speed 1.4)
Speed 1.4: Issue on Paul Virilio (created as part of the MFA project of Robert Nidefer, U. California, Santa Barbara, this issue of Speed presents articles, interviews, and links relevant to Virilio in a mock-"search interface" format designed to simulate/appropr
Paul Virilio (wikipedia)
Secondary Literature
John Armitage "Beyond Postmodernism? Paul Virilio's Hypermodern Cultural Theory" (2000) (CTheory)
Shawn P. Wilbur (Bowling Green State U.), "Dromologies: Paul Virilio: Speed, Cinema, and the End of the Political State" 
Works & Interviews
James Der Derian, Interview with Paul Virilio (1997) (Speed)
John Armitage "The Kosovo War Took Place in Orbital Space" (2000) (CTHEORY interview with John Virilio)
Paul Virilio "Speed and Information: Cyberspace Alarm!" (1995) (CTHEORY)
Louise Wilson "Cyberwar, God And Television: Interview with Paul Virilio" (1994) (CTheory)
Ernst Von Glasersfeld (U. Massachusetts, Amherst)
"Cybernetics and the Art of Living" (1996) 
The Incommensurability of Scientific and Poetic Knowledge -1994
Gabriel Watson & Jason Brown (U. California, Santa Barbara), "Cultural Prosthetics: The Mutational Aesthetics of the Late Organic" (multimedia, hypertext work) (Speed)
Shawn P. Wilbur (Bowling Green State U.)
" 'Cyberpunks' to Synners: Toward a Feminist Posthumanism?" (1995) 
"Running Down the Meme: Cyberpunk, alt.cyberpunk, and the Panic of '93" (1994) 
Robert M. Young (Centre for Psychotherapeutic Studies, U. Sheffield), "Primitive Processes on the Internet" (1996) ("an exploration of people's primitive feelings about computers and getting on the Internet. It also examines some of the fantasy and other irrational elements of being on the 'net")

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