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 •  Dada
 •  Futurism
 •  New Criticism
 •  Structuralism
 •  Surrealism
 •  Existentialism
 •  Marxist, Communist, Frankfurt School, & Later-Marxist Critique
 •  Phenomenology  
Early To Mid 20th Century
Major Movements   Suggest a Link
Perpetual Dada Surrealism
Homepage (well-crafted site with excerpts from the Dadaists and Surrealists) (Nadine van Hasselt, Ashley Whitney)
Simone De Beauvoir [Show]
Albert Camus [Show]
The Realm of Existentialism (info on existentialism and phenomenology, with links to pages on many philosophers) (Katharena Eiermann)
Jean-Paul Sartre [Show]
Futurism Menu (Joe De Marco)
Balilla Pratella, Manifesto of Futurist Muslclans 1910 
Marxist, Communist, Frankfurt School, & Later-Marxist Critique (Note: Marxist Or Marx-Influenced Theorists Who Have Also Had A More Broadly Or Less-Strictly Marxist Cultural-Critical Reception Are Included Above Under Cultural-Studies
General Resources
Cultural Logic: An Electronic Journal of Marxist Theory & Practice 
Sean Homer (Centre for Psychotherapeutic Studies, U. Sheffield), "A Short History of the Marxist Literary Group" 
Marxism (SWIRL)
Marxism List: Archives (U. Virginia)
Marxism and Ideology (lecture notes created for a course) (Mary Klages, U. Colorado, Boulder)
Marxist Sites on the Web (SheBeen)
Marxists.org Internet Archive
Homepage of Marxists.org Internet Archive 
Encyclopedia of Marxism (Marxists.org Internet Archive)
History Archive (Marxists.org Internet Archive)
Marxist Writers Archive (Marxist.org Internet Archive)
Reference Archive (Marxists.org Internet Archive)
Subject Archive (Marxists.org Internet Archive)
T. V. Reed, "Neo-Marxisms and Cultural Materialisms" (bibliographic essay with links to online resources)
Rethinking Marxism: A Journal of Economics, Culture and Society (tables of contents & links)
Marx & Engels
Friedrich Engels [Show]
Marx, Karl [Show]
Marx and Engels Writings 
Marx & Engels [Show]
Marxism Page (Rick Kuhn, Australian National U.)
Other Socialist/Communist Authors
Josef Stalin Online Archive (Marx/Engels Archive)
Leon Trotsky Online Archive (Marx/Engels Archive)
Anatoly Vasilievich Lunacharsky, Revolutionary Silhouettes (1923) (Marx/Engels Archive)
Mao Tse-Tung Online Archive (Marx/Engels Archive)
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Online Archive (Marxists.org Internet Archive)
Frankfurt School
Frankfurt School- General
Douglas Kellner (UCLA) "The Frankfurt School and British Cultural Studies: The Missed Articulation" ( Illuminations )
"The Frankfurt School" (www.wikipedia.org)
Theodor Adorno
Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer "The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception" (www.marxists.org)
Adorno Page (David Gauntlett, U. Leeds)
Adorno Resources (Notebook for Contemporary Continental Philosophy; Scott H. Moore)
Theodor Adorno Biography (Petri Liukkonen)
Theodor Adorno (biography and selected links) (wikipedia.org)
Theodor Adorno Resources and Texts (popcultures.com)
Walter Benjamin
General Resources on Walter Benjamin [Show]
Works [Show]
Secondary Literature [Show]
Max Horkheimer
Horkheimer Resources (Notebook for Contemporary Continental Philosophy)
Herbert Marcuse
Herbert Marcuse One Dimensional Man (1964) (www.marxists.org)
Herbert Marcuse Eros and Civilization (1966)  (www.marxists.org)
Douglas Kellner (UCLA) "Herbert Marcuse" (Illuminations)
Marcuse Resources (Notebook for Contemporary Continental Philosophy)
Later-Marxist Critique
General Resources on Later-Marxism
T. V. Reed, "Neo-Marxisms and Cultural Materialisms" (bibliographic essay with links to online resources)
Louis Althusser
Synopsis of "Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses" (Society of Social Research Page, U. Chicago)
Alvin Gouldner
The Future of Intellectuals and the Rise of the New Class (synopsis) (Society of Social Research Page, U. Chicago)
"The Norm of Reciprocity: A Preliminary Statement" (1960) (Larry R. Ridener, Radford U.)
Jürgen Habermas [Show]
C.L.R. James
C.L.R. James Page (Andy Blunden)
Paul Le Blanc, "Challenges of a Black Revolutionary: The Marxism of C. L. R. James" 
Notes On Dialectics (Excerpts) (Andy Blunden): [Show]
"The Property" (excerpt from Black Jacobins (
Frederic Jameson
Frederic Jameson (bibliography) (UC Irvine Critical Theory Resource/Eddie Yeghiayan, U. Calif. Irvine)
Frederic Jameson Page (Campus Community, Southern Oregon U.)
Sean Homer (Centre for Psychotherapeutic Studies, U. Sheffield), "Fredric Jameson and the Limits of Postmodern Theory" 
Jameson on the Bonaventure Hotel 
Synopsis of Fredric Jameson's  (one of a number of summaries created by graduate students for the preliminary exam in the University of Chicago's Sociology Dept.) (Society of Social Research Page, U. Chicago)
"Theory in the Lobby of the Bonaventure Hotel: The Case of Fredric Jameson" (Re:WIRED; Workshop for the Invention and Research of Electronic Discourse, U. of Florida)
Georg Lukacs
Georg Lukacs Archive (Marxists.org)
"Marxist Approaches to Mass Media" (Daniel Chandler)
Immanuel Wallerstein
The Modern World-System: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century (excerpt) (Larry R. Ridener, Radford U.)
Synopsis of "The Rise and Future Demise of the Capitalist World System: Concepts for Comparative Analysis" (Society of Social Research Page, U. Chicago)
World-Systems Archive (U. Colorado, Boulder)
Eric Olin Wright
Synopsis of "Class Boundaries and Contradictory Class Locations" (Society of Social Research Page, U. Chicago)
New Criticism
Cleanth Brooks [Show]
Formalism (SWIRL)
The New Criticism (David Arnason, U. Manitoba)
Richard Ohmann, English in America: A Radical View of the Profession (1976) (excerpt) (excerpt on the New Criticism at the moment of the so-called "end of ideology" in mid-20th-century U.S. intellectual culture; "Our dogma is academic freedom, which in practice means that you can think and write what you like, but as y
John Crowe Ransom
Modern American Poetry: John Crowe Ransom
Homepage (Cary Nelson & Edwrd Brunner, U. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)
Ransom's Editorial "The Future of Poetry" from The Fugitive with a Reply by Allen Tate 
Selection of Ransom Poems from The Fugitive 
Robert Penn Warren
American Academy of Poets: Robert Penn Warren 
Cleanth Brooks and Robert Penn Warren, Understanding Poetry: An Anthology for College Students (rev. ed., 1950) (brief excerpts) (Al Filreis, U. Penn.)
Modern American Poetry: Robert Penn Warren
Homepage (Edward Brunner, U. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)
Warren on Warren (brief excerpts of Warren's views about writing)  
Robert Penn Warren (brief bio and bibliiography) (George Brosi / KYLIT)
Robert Penn Warren Page (Bob Frey)
Phenomenology [Show]
Background Materials: Formalist and Structuralist Ideas (notes on critical theory developed for instructional use) (David Arnason, U. Manitoba)
Roland Barthes
Barthean Codes (David Arnason, U. Manitoba)
Barthes Notes (notes on terms and concepts in Camera Lucida) (Ron Burnett, McGill U.)
PopCultures.com: Roland Barthes (Sarah Zupko's Cultural Studies Center)
Secondary Literature
Brad Menpes (U. Warwick), "Ideology and Responsibility: Derrida, Barthes, and a Question of Method" (Work in Progress, U. Warwick) English Dept.
Roman Jakobson
Jacobson's Model of a Communications Act (David Arnason, U. Manitoba)
Jakobson's Communication Model (John Lye, Brock U.)
Claude Lévi-Strauss
Claude Lévi-Strauss: The Structural Study of Myth (lecture notes on the essay) (Mary Klages, U. Colorado, Boulder)
Ferdinand De Saussure
Saussure (lecture notes created for a course) (Mary Klages, U. Colorado, Boulder)
Saussure and the Sign (David Arnason, U. Manitoba)
Saussurescape (Web-based exercise to illustrate the ideas of Ferdinand Saussure) (Warren Hedges, Southern Oregon U.)
Some Elements of Structuralism and its Application to Literary Theory (John Lye, Brock U.)
Structuralism (SWIRL)
Structuralism/Deconstruction (lecture notes created for a course) (Mary Klages, U. Colorado, Boulder)
Summary of Gerard Genette, "Structuralism and Literary Criticism" (John Lye, Brock U.)
Acephalic (site on "the 'other' surrealists [non-Bretonian, including Acéphale, Masson, Klossowski, Desnos, etc.]")
André Breton, "What is Surrealism?" 
Perpetual Dada Surrealism
Homepage (well-crafted site with excerpts from the Dadaists and Surrealists) (Nadine van Hasselt, Ashley Whitney)
Surrealism Server
Homepage of Surrealism Server (pharmdec.wustl.edu)
Automatic Writing 
ESMÉ: The Graphical Cadaverating Interface (Enigma Engines for a Better World)
Miscellaneous Surrealist Information 
Surrealist Writings 
The Surrealist Compliment Generator 

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