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 •  Arthurian Studies
 •  Beowulf
 •  Boethius
 •  Geoffrey Chaucer
 •  Gawain Poet
 •  John Lydgate
 •  Julian Of Norwich
 •  Margery Kempe
 •  Pre-1600 English Ballads  
 •  William Dunbar
 •  William Langland
 •  Wulfstan
 •  Thomas Malory
 •  John Gower
 •  Pearl
 •  Alexander Romances
 •  Robert Henryson
 •  John Barbour
 •  Laurence Minot
 •  Thomas Hoccleve
 •  Richard Rolle
 •  Layamon [aka Lawman]
 •  Thomas Usk
 •  John Audelay
 •  The Harley Lyrics
 •  Aelfric
 •  Bede (aka The Venerable Bede)
 •  Medieval Drama
 •  Chronicles
 •  Marie de France
 •  Gerald of Wales
Anglo-Saxon & Medieval
Authors and Anonymous Works   Suggest a Link
(links to online texts of primary sources and criticism; anonymous texts alphabetized by standard title)
Aelfric (biography from litencyc.com) (Stuart D. Lee,U. of Oxford)
Aelfric's Colloquy (text in Old English, glossary, sound files, and illustrations by Maija Graham) (Murray McGillivray, U. of Calgary)
Aelfirc's Homilies on Judith, Esther, and The Maccabees (e-texts in Old English, with very full information on manuscript, sources, editorial procedure, and with very full glossary information) (Stuart D. Lee, U. of Oxford)
Alexander Romances
Alexander and Dindimus (e-text of EETS edition) (English Poetry Full-Text Database, U. of New Brunswick)
Kyng Alisaunder (edition of Auchinleck MS text, collated with 2 other manuscripts) (National Library of Scotland)
Kyng Alisaunder Fragment (description of fragment probably from the Auchinleck MS) Sarah Aitchison; U. of London)
Ancrene Wisse 
Apollonius of Tyre: A Hypertext Edition (based on Thorpe's 1834 text and translation) (Catherine N. Ball, Georgetown U.)
Arthurian Studies
General Arthurian Resources
The Alternative King Arthur ("examines unusual topics, or mainstream topics in an unusual way. Its driving force is the desire to tease out the Celtic origins of Arthurian myth")
Arthuriana on the Web (annotated links)(Normon Hinton for ORB)
Arthurnet Resource Page (for Arthurian enthusiasts of all walks;links to texts,images, bibliographies, more)(Judy Shoaf, U. Florida)
Siân Echard's Medieval and Arthurian Pages 
Tom Green's Arthurian Resources Website (scholarly site includes pages on historicity, literature, and concepts)
Baragona's Arthurian Legend Page (Alan Baragona, Virginia Military Institute)
David Nash Ford King Arthur Basics 
The Camelot Project ("Arthurian texts, images, bibliographies and basic information")(Alan Lupack and Barbara Tepa Lupack,U. Rochester)
Dell Skeels Continental Arthurian Literature  (modern English translations of Anglo-Norman, Breton, Dutch, French, and German sources) (The Celtic Literature Collective)
A Guide to King Arthur's Forgotten Realm (undergraduate research project; includes photo essay of travel to Arthurian sites in Britian) (Joseph W. C. Boyles and W. J. Livingstone, III, Birmingham U. )
King Arthur: A Man for the Ages (both scholarly and popular information)
Labyrinth Arthurian Studies Pages (extensive links to texts and topics, medieval to modern)(Georgetown U.)
The Quest (Arthurian resources)(U. Idaho)
Vortigern Studies ("an initiative based in the Netherlands, dedicated to the study of the period between the Roman occupation of Britain and the Early Middle Ages; focuses primarily on the person of Vortigern; includes histories, source documents, bibliographies and maps,") (Robert Vermaat)
Authors and Texts
Arthurian Literature Online (the largest English language database of digital Arthurian literature, medieval to modern)(Camelot Project, U.Rochester)
The Alliterative Morte Arthure [Show]
The Gawain/Pearl Poet [Show]
Various Titles [Show]
The Vulgate Cycle (aka Lancelot-Grail) [Show]
House of Bards Anthology (a collection of English, Welsh, and Continental sources,some very difficult to find elsewhere)
Chretien de Troyes
The Charrette Project (texts, background, and criticism of Chretien de Troyes' Le chevalier de la charrette; "a scholarly, multi-media electronic archive")(Princeton U.)
Chevalier au lion (transcriptions in Old French from a number of manuscripts) (Laboratoire de français ancien, U. of Ottawa)
Chevalier au lion: Transcription synoptique des manuscrits et fragments  (manuscript description and transcription into Old French, as part of the LAF hosted by U. of Ottawa) (Kajsa Meyer, U. of Copenhagen)
Cliges (modern English,W.W.Comfort, trans.)(Online Medieval and Classical Library; U. California, Berkeley)
Le Conte du Graal (Perceval) (in Old French;transcription of ms BN fr 794)(Pierre Kunstman, U. of Ottawa)
Erec et Enide (modern English,W.W.Comfort, trans.)(Online Medieval and Classical Library; U. California, Berkeley)
Erec et Enide (in Old French) (Rennes U.)
Lancelot, or the Knight of the Cart (modern English,W.W.Comfort, trans.)(Online Medieval and Classical Library; U. California, Berkeley)
Yvain, or the Knight with the Lion (modern English,W.W.Comfort, trans.)(Online Medieval and Classical Library; U. California, Berkeley)
Perceval: Continuations and Supplements [Show]
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Judith Weiss Geoffrey Monmouth (biography, hosted by the Literary Encyclopedia web site) (U. of Cambridge
David Nash Ford Geoffrey of Monmouth  (biography,bibliography)
Michael Ullyot Geoffrey of Monmouth (extended discussion of geoffrey, with emphasis on questions of sources, within a larger site devoted to the myth of Troy in the middle Ages)(U. of Toronto)
De Excidio Britonum  (modern English) (Mystic Realms.org)
De Excidio Brittaniae et Conquestu (modern English trans. J. A. Giles) (The Celtic Literature Collective)
Caradoc of Llangarfan: The Life of Gildas (Medieval Sourcebook)
Brut (full text) (Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse, U. Michigan)
Brut MS Cotton Caligula (Electronic Text Center U. Virginia)
Brut MS Cotton Otho (Electronic Text Center, U. Virginia)
Layamon (bio,overview, extract and bib)(Online Companion to Medieval Literature; Heinrich-Heine U. of Duesseldorf )
Malory (also see Malory entry under Authors and Anonymous Works)
Sir Thomas Malory Anthology (Anniina Jokinen)
Le Morte dArthur (complete text in Middle English with Caxton's preface)(U. Michigan Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse)
Le Mort dArthur (excerpt) (based on Vinaver ed.)(U. Idaho)
The Sir Thomas Malory Society 
Marie de France
Chevrefoil (modern English trans. Judith P. Shoaf. Translator's note: "Instructors who wish to print out the materials for their students, and others who want to use them for various purposes, should request permission from Judy Shoaf, jshaof@clas.ufl.edu") (Dell Skeels, The Celtic Literature Collective)
Lanval (modern English trans. by Judith P. Shoaf. Translator's note: "Instructors who wish to print out the materials for their students, and others who want to use them for various purposes, should request permission from Judy Shoaf, jshaof@clas.ufl.edu) (Dell Skeels, The Celtic Literature Collective)
Marie de France Society 
Marie de France-Catholic Encyclopedia entry 
Historia Brittonum (Avalon Project, Yale U.)
Robert de Boron
Didot Perceval ( The Romance of Perceval in Prose, trans. Dell Skeels) (Celtic Literature Collective)
Mort Artu (Celtic Literature Collective)
Robert de Boron: A Literature Review (includes biographical and literary information)(King Arthur: A Man for the Ages)
Maistre Wace (in French and English)
Wace, Layamon, and the Alliterative Morte Arthur (brief discussion of Roman de Brut )
Roman de Brut (modern English; extract of the Arthurian portion) (Eugene Mason)
Arthurian Chronicles: Roman de Brut (modern English extract) (Eugene Mason for Penn State U.)
Wolfram von Eschenbach
Parzival (summary) (in modern English)(Michael McGoodwin)
Parzival (commentary and text) (synoptically arranged with contemporary translations)(Albert K. Wimmer, U. Notre Dame)
Wolfram von Eschenbach (biography, commentary, links to text)(Monsalvat Parsifal Project)
Parzival in the Grail Castle (excerpt) (English trans. by Edwin H. Zeydel)(U.Idaho)
Wolfram von Eschenbach (brief biographical entry)(Catholic Encyclopedia)
Parzival  (full text in German)(TITUS Project)
Journals and Societies
Arthuriana (journal and society)
Oxford Arthurian Society 
Geographic Sites (places associated with events in Arthurian literature)
Avalon (U. Idaho)
Glastonbury Abbey (alleged burial place of Arthur and Guinevere)(official site)
Glastonbury (extract from Geoffrey Ashe book, Arthurian Britian )
Sites of Arthurian Legend (index of brief articles about places in Great Britian associated with Arthurian material) (Erin Ogden-Korus / The Quest)
Stonehenge ("significant to Arthurian legend is the belief that Merlin caused the stones to be brought, over sea and land, from Ireland")(U.Idaho)
Tintagel (the purported site of the conception of Arthur)(U. Idaho)
Arthuriana Pedagogical Resources (Alan Baragona, Arthuriania, Southern Methodist U.)
Arthurian Legends: A Web Based Interdisciplinary Approach for Educators (lesson plans, methods, sources and backgrounds; designed for secondary school)(Katherine Eisenhower, U. Illinois Urbana-Champagne)
King Arthur Aloud ("As a service to both teachers and students, we have collected recordings by medieval scholars of passages from Arthurian texts in Middle and Early Modern English, Welsh, Anglo-Norman, Old French, and Middle High German. The purpose of these recordings is to give a sense of how the texts might have sounded to the original readers, so the emphasis is on accuracy of pronunciation according to current knowledge.")(Arthuriana)
John Audelay
John Audelay The Poems of John Audelay (e-text of Humphrey Milford's 1931 EETS edition) (English Poetry Full-Text Database, U. of New Brunswick)
John Barbour
The Brus (complete e-text of Duncan edition) (A.A.M. Duncan, U. of Glasgow)
John Barbour (biography) (Stephen Alsford and Gary Stein)
John Barbour 
Bede (aka The Venerable Bede)
Bede's Story of Caedmon (facing Old English and modern English, with link to Latin text, with a wealth of linguistic information and full manuscript data) (Benjamin Slade, Johns Hopkins U.)
Bede Net (bibliography, plus numerous links to Bede-related resources)(Stephen J. Harris, U. of Massachusetts at Amherst)
Bede's World (museum homepage, with links to a biography, images from exhibitions, and more) (Museum of Early Medieval Northumbria at Jarrow)
Bede Bede's Ecclesiastical History of English (e-text of A.M. Sellar's 1907 English translation) (Christian Classics Ethereal Library, Calvin C.)
Bede Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum: The History of the Primitive Church of England (e-text of the William hurst 1814 translation into English) (Saint Pachomius Library)
Beowulf (translation by Francis B. Gummere, revised and annotated)
Beowulf on Steorarume (Beowulf in Cyberspace) ("new critical edition of the text online, based on an examination of the original MS, with annotations and explanatory notes"; ed. and trans. Benjamin Slade, Johns Hopkins U.)
The Electronic Beowulf Project ("information on CD database of digital images of the Beowulf manuscript and related manuscripts and printed texts"; includes sidebar with links to articles relevant to the both the manuscript and the EBP) (British Library with Kevin Kiernan, U. Kentucky, and Paul Szarmach, Western Michigan U.)
Resources for Studying Beowulf (The Labyrinth)
Boethius Internet Seminar 
Geoffrey Chaucer
General Resources
The Electronic Canterbury Tales (U.Alaska)(Daniel T. Kline)
The Electronic Canterbury Tales Homepage (U.Alaska)(Daniel T. Kline)
The General Prologue  (text and resources)
The Knight's Tale  (text and resources)
The Pardoner's Tale  (text and resources)
The Wife of Bath's Prologue and Tale (text and resources)
The Canon's Yeoman's Tale (text and resources)
Chaucer Studies Bibliographies
Link Library of Online Bibliographies (annotated and regularly updated by Alan Baragona)(Chaucer Metapage)
WSU Chaucer Bibliography (Michael Hanly, Washington State U.)
The Essential Chaucer Bibliography On-Line (Annotated, extensively indexed; "The bibliography is divided into almost 90 topics, including themes, techniques, and individual works by Chaucer.") (Mark Allen and John H. Fischer)
Chaucer Metapage (collectively maintained project started at the 33rd International Congress of Medieval Studies)
The Canterbury Tales Project (Universities of Sheffield and Oxford)
Chaucer (Anniina Jokinen)
Chaucer Page (translations of Chaucer poems) (The Poetry Archives)
Links Related to Chaucer and Medieval Studies (Michael Hanly, Washington State U.)
WSU Chaucer Page (Michael Hanly, Washington State U.)
Chaucer Pedagogy Page (links to lectures, assignments, pronunciation guides, historical background, etc.)(Daniel T. Kline)
Chaucer: English 430 (Deborah Schwartz, California Polytechnic U., San Luis Obispo)
Chaucer (course page that includes well-selected links to Chaucer resources) (Edwin Duncan, Towson U., Maryland)
Helen Barr (Oxford U.) "Chaucer's Knight: A Christian Killer?" (essay from The English Review) (2001)
Glenn Burger (U. Alberta), "Queer Performativity and the Natural in Chaucer's Physician's and Pardoner's Tales" (Martin Irvine and Deborah Everhart, Georgetown U.)
Louise O. Fradenburg (U. of California, Santa Barbara) Sacrificial Desire in Chaucer's Knight's Tale (essay originally appearing in JMEMS) (1997)
Grover Furr (Montclair State U., NJ) The Nun's Priest's Tale and Nominalism: A Preliminary Study (1995)
Curtis Gruenler (Hope C., Holland, MI) Desire, Violence, and the Passion in fragment VII of The Canterbury Tales: A Girardian Reading 
Robert Levine (Boston U.) Restraining Ambiguities in Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyda (1986)
Charles Muscatine (U. of Berkeley) The Knight's Tale (excerpt from Chaucer and the French Tradition, 1957) (Geoffrey Chaucer Page, Harvard U.)
Sarah Stanbury (C. of the Holy Cross, Massachusetts), "Visibility Politics in Chaucer's Knight's Tale" (Cultural Frictions Conference, Georgetown U., 1995) (HTML by Jeffrey Cohen, George Washington U.)
Mary Wack (Washington State U.), "Chaucer in 2001" 
Visual Resources
Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales: The Classic Text: Traditions and Interpretations (online exhibit on manuscript and print editions of Chaucer's texts) (U. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)
Caxton's Canterbury Tales: The British Library Copies (online facsimiles of William Caxton's prints) (Ed. Barbara Bordalejo, De Montfort U., Leicester, UK)
Max's Chaucer Page ("digital paintings and illustrations of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales") (Max Cordonnier, Southeast Missouri State U.)
The Book of the Duchess (Online Medieval and Classical Library)
The Canterbury Tales (edited by F.N. Robinson) (Corpus of Middle English and Prose; U. of Michigan)
The Electronic Canterbury Tales (deep, well-organized set of annotated links to texts and materials related to The Canterbury Tales) (Daniel T. Kline, U. Alaska, Anchorage)
The House of Fame (Online Medieval and Classical Library)
The Minor Poems of Geoffrey Chaucer (texts of Chaucer's shorter poems, with hypertext glosses, critical introductions and bibliographies) (Gen. Ed., James Hunter, Edgewood C., Madison, WI)
The Parliament of Fowles (Online Medieval and Classical Library)
A Treatise on the Astrolabe (The Art Bin)
Treatise on The Astrolabe: addresses to his son Lowys (Humanities Text Initiative, U. Michigan)
Troilus and Criseyde (edited by B.A. Windeatt) (Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse; U.of Michigan)
Troilus and Criseyde (Online Medieval and Classical Library)
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles (in modern English) (Avalon Project, Yale Law School)
Medieval Drama
General Resources Medieval Drama
Baragona's Medieval Drama Page (Alan Baragona, Virginia Military Institute)
Bibliography for Medieval English Drama (Camelot Project, U. of Rochester)
Centre for Medieval Studies, U. Toronto (one of the largest Medieval Drama research centers in the Americas) (U.Toronto)
The Early Drama, Art, and Music Project (EDAM) (aims to "coordinate and sponsor research in early drama and to encourage interdisciplinary study that is directly or indirectly relevant to the theater;principal focus remains on iconography especially (but not exclusively) as it relates to drama and the theater, attention also given to other aspects of dramatic production and to music;bibliographic advice, check-lists and archival holdings, assistance to scholars in their research) (Medieval Institute, Western Michigan U.)
Medieval Drama Links (Sydney Higgins,Collector's Post)
Medieval English Biblical Plays (history, Middle English plays, teaching resources) (Gloria Betcher, Iowa State U.)
Poculi Ludique Societas (Medieval and Renaissance Players of Toronto, U. Toronto)
Records of Early English Drama (REED) (U.Toronto)
Religious, Political, Economic and Artistic Contexts For the York Corpus Christi Plays (Dennis G. Jerz, Seton Hill U.)
York Doomsday Project ("a multimedia research project exploring all aspects of the plays and their various social, intellectual, religious, and theatrical contexts; aims to present the surviving evidence around the original performance in a completely new way") (Meg Twycross and Pamela King)
York Pageant Simulator (PSim) (Seton Hill U.)
Primary Texts Medieval Drama
Medieval and Renaissance Drama Texts (Gerard NeCastro, U. Maine Machias)
Moral Comedies and Non-Cycle Drama (Gerard NeCastro, U. Maine Machias)
Five Sixteenth-Century Latin Plays (modern English)(U. Toronto)
Le Corpus du Théâtre religieux français du Moyen Âge (The French Medieval Drama Database Project) (Jesse Hurlbut,Brigham Young U.)
Towneley Cycle (Gerard NeCastro, U. Maine Machias)
The Towneley Plays (U. Virginia Electronic Text Center)
York Cycle (Gerard NeCastro, U. Maine Machias)
York Play of the Crucifixion (U. Virginia Electronic Text Center)
The York Plays (U. Virginia Electronic Text Center)
The Production of Everyman (in English and Italian; text,commentary, photos, video clip)(The Miracle Players)
Everyman Study Questions (Rebecca Ann Wall,Winston Salem U.)
Class Notes on Early Drama in Brtain and Teaching Materials for Medieval English Drama (Gloria Betcher, Iowa State U.)
Resources for Theatre History and Early Music (carefully vetted and annotated library of links)(Records of Early English Drama,U. Toronto)
Medieval Drama Syllabus (Claire Sponsler, U.Iowa)
Medieval Drama Syllabus (Linda Marie Zaerr,Boise State U.)
Medieval Drama Syllabus (Regula Meyer Evitt, Colorado College)
Terms for Medieval Drama ("adapted from the Harcourt Anthology of Literature)(Anne Enenbach, U. Illinois Urbana)
York Minster (Official Site) 
Journals and Societies
WWW Links for Theatre History and Early Music (links to journals) (REED, U. Toronto)
Early English Theater (requires subscription)(REED, U. Toronto)
The Medieval and Renaissance Drama Society ("an academic association of scholars and other persons interested in medieval and Renaissance drama whose activities include organizing annual meetings, sponsoring long-range research projects, and publishing material of interest to the Society including Research Opportunities in Renaissance Drama and its Medieval Supplement") (Iowa State U.)
Poculi Ludique Societas ("PLS sponsors production of early plays, from the beginnings of medieval drama to as late as the middle of the seventeenth century")(U. Toronto)
William Dunbar
Andrew Crumey William Dunbar (biography)
Priscilla Bawcutt (U. of Liverpool) William Dunbar (biography)
"Lament for the Makers" (U. Toronto)
The tretis of the twa mariit women and the wedo (Humanities Text Initiative, U. Michigan)
Everyman (Anniina Jokinen)
Gawain Poet
General Resources
Cotton Nero A.x Project (describes ongoing project to produce digital images of the manuscript BL Cotton Nero A.x) (Gen. Ed. Murray McGillivray, U. of Calgary)
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (includes editions of the poem, translations, and links to secondary criticism) (Anniina Jokinen)
Texts (Middle English)
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (Tolkien and Gordon edition) (Humanities Text Initiative, U. Michigan)
Secondary Sources
Karen Arthur (U. of Toronto) The Game of Reading and Electronic Sir Gawain and the Green Knight 
R. Allen Shoaf (U. of FLorida) The Poem As Green Girdle: Commercium in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight  (entire text of Shoaf's work, as well as bibliography and a related essay)
Jessie L. Weston Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (pdf. file of Weston's translation) (In Parentheses Publications)
W.A. Neilson Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (pdf. file of Neilson's translation) (In Parentheses Publications)
Gerald of Wales
Giraldus Cambrensis or Gerald of Wales (extended introduction to Gerald,focusing on his travelogue in Wales, plus translated selections from Itinerarium Cambriae (Leonard James)
John Gower
John Gower Confessio Amantis or Tales of the Seven Deadly Sins (e-text of 1901 G.C. Macauley edition) (Online Medieval and Classical Library; Douglas B. Killings)
John Gower, Confessio Amantis (Electronic Text Center, U. Virginia Library)
Secondary Criticism
Robert Levine (Boston U.) "Gower as Gerontion: Oneiric Autobiography in the Confessio Amantis (1992)
General Resources
John Gower (biography and picture of tomb) (James Gower)
John Gower (biography entry in the Catholic Encyclopedia) (P.J. Lennox)
John Gower Society (homepage) (R.F. Yeager, u. of West Florida)
John Gower: Life, Work, and Times (images, bibliography, links to electronic texts, and biography) (Jonathan H. Hsy, U. of Pennsylvania)
John Gower (biography and bibliography)(L.D. Benson, Harvard U.)
The Harley Lyrics
The Harley Lyrics (e-text of lyrics, using the 1965 EETS edition by N.R. Ker and the 1948 G.L Brook edition) (Electronic Text Center, U. of Virginia)
The Harley Lyrics (Humanities Text Initiative, U. Michigan)
Wessex Parallel WebTexts (contents page, with links to e-texts of various Middle English lyrics and shorter poems, discussion of the lyrical practice, editing, and the Harley manuscript) (Bella Millet, U. of Southampton)
Robert Henryson
Robert Henryson (biography, links to primary and secondary texts) (STARN Project, U. of Glasgow)
The Testament of Cresseid (e-text of G. Gregory Smith edition) (Electronic Text Center, U. of Virginia)
The Minor Poems of Robert Henryson (e-texts of Smith's editions of Henryson's shorter works) (Electtronic Text Center, U. of Virginia)
The Poems of Robert Henryson (links to tetxs edited by Robert L. Kindrick) (TEAMS, Medieval Institute)
The Moral Fabillis of Esope the Phrygian (e-text of G. Gregory Smith edition) (Electronic Text Center, U. of Virginia)
Orpheus and Eurydice (e-text) (Electronic Text Center, U. of Virginia)
Thomas Hoccleve
Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (description of HM 111, a manuscript containing Hoccleve's works) (C.W. Dutschke and R.H. Rouse)
The Regiment of Princes (complete e-text, with notes and introduction, edited by Charles R. Blyth) (TEAMS, Medieval Institute)
Julian Of Norwich
Shewings or Revelations of Divine Love (Middle English standardized spelling)(U.Michigan)
Revelations of Divine Love (modern English)(Ethereal Christian Classics Library)
Julian of Norwich Website (Julia Bolton Holloway, U. Colorado, Boulder)
Julian of Norwich (Anniina Jokinen)
Margery Kempe
Texts and Scholarship
Maping Margery Kempe ("displays the parishes, images, chapels, and liturgical furnishings that form the material backdrop to The Book of Margery Kempe")(Sarah Stanbury and Virginia Raguin)
The Book of Margery Kempe (TEAMS online text; Middle English, standardized spelling)(Lynn Staley,ed.Medieval Institute W.Michigan U.)
Dean Lee Evans, "Margery Kempe: A Brief History of Her Life" 
Margery Kempe (Anniina Jokinen)
Margery Kempe--Introductory Lecture (designed for lower-division undergraduate lecture courses)(Lynn H. Nelson, U. Kansas)
Margery Kempe and Female Authority in the Middle Ages (Clare Kinney, U. Virginia)
William Langland
General Resources
Yearbook of Langland Studies (homepage for journal devoted to William Langland criticism)
William Langland (Langland biography and bibliography) (L.D. Benson, Harvard U.)
The William Langland Homepage (links to text, criticism, and images of Piers Plowman, along with socio-historical background) (Lawrence Warner, U. of Pennsylvania)
Piers Plowman Electronic Archive (description of The Piers Plowman Project (Hoyt Duggan, U. of Virginia)
William Langland (links to essays and articles, to texts of Piers Plowman, Langland biography, bibliography) (Anniina Jokinen)
Texts of Piers Plowman
William Langland The Vision of Piers Plowman: A Critical Edition of the B-Text Based on Trinity College Cambridge MS B.15.17, with Selected Variant Readings (A.V.S. Schmidt, ed.; 1978) (Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse, U. of Michigan)
Langland, William Passus 5 of Piers Plowman (hypertext version of Passus 5) (Amy Brittain, Virginia Tech U.)
Secondary Criticism
Martyn J. Miller (Temple U.) Meed, Mercede, and Mercy: Langland's Grammatical Metaphor and Its Relation to Piers Plowman as a Whole (essay; 1994)
Murray J. Evans (U. of Winnipeg) Piers Plowman and the Sublime (1997)
R. James Goldstein (U. of Auburn) "Why calle ye hym crist, siþen Iewes called hym Iesus?": The Disavowal of Jewish Identification in Piers Plowman B Text (essay in Exemplaria, 2001)
Bryan P. Davis (Georgia Southwestern State U.) Beating the Bounds Between Church and State: Official Documents in the Literary Imagination (1997)
Michael D.C. Drout (Wheaton C., Holland, MA) Piers's Good Will: Langland's Politics of Reform and Inheritance in the C-Text (1997)
Lawrence Warner (U. of Pennsylvania) Jesus the Jouster: The Christ-Knight and Medieval Theories of Atonement in Piers Plowman and the "Round Table" Sermons (1996)
Layamon [aka Lawman] (also see Layamon entry in Arthurian Studies section)
Brut (MS Cotton Caligula) (e-text of G.L. Brook and R.F. Leslie's EETS edition of the Cotton Caligula A.ix text) (Electronic Text Center, U. of Virginia)
Brut (Cotton Otho) (e-text of G.L. Brook and R.F. Leslie's EETS edition of the Cotton Otho C.xiii text) (Electronic Text Center, U. of Virginia)
John Lydgate
The Canon of John Lydgate Page (Stephen R. Reimer, U. Alberta)
Claire Sponslor (U. of Iowa) John Lydgate (biography on litencyc.com)
Michael Ullyot (U. of Toronto) The Troy Book as Deviation from Tradition (discussion of Lydgate's text in comparison with other Trojan myths; part of Ullyot's "Verticals of Troy" site)
Thomas Malory
General Resources
Sir Thomas Malory Society (links to historical information and "A Ful Noble Knyght" newsletter (Marc Ricciardi and Marc Burgess)
William Caxton Preface to Morte Darthur (Norton Anthology of English Literature)
Sir Thomas Malory (Anniina Jokinen)
Secondary Criticism
E. Kay Harris (U. of Southern Mississippi) "Evidence Against Lancelot and Guinevere in Malory's Morete Darthur: Treason by Imagination (essay)
Fritscher, John J. When Malory Met Arthur: Sex and Magic in King Arthur's Camelot (dissertation from Loyola U. in its entirety) (1967)
Marie de France
The Lais of Marie de France  (a verse translation in Modern English; Judith P. Shoaf, ed.)(U.Florida)
The Lais Online (link library)(International Marie de France Society)
Les Lais de Marie de France (Francais)(U. Mantobia)
The International Marie de France Society ("the mission of the Society is to establish friendly and productive exchanges between faculty, independent scholars, or students")(Founded by Chantal A. Maréchal,Virginia Commonwealth University)
Laurence Minot
The Poems of Laurence Minot (texts, introductions and notes of Minot's works, edited by Richard H. Osberg) (TEAMS, Medieval Institute)
Mum and the Sothsegger (edition of text by James Dean) (TEAMS texts, Medieval Institute)
The Ormulum Project ("production of a new text edition, presenting the entire text of the Ormulum, including changes and revisions, as contained in Bodleian Library, MS. Junius 1") (Nils-Lennart Johannesson,U. Science and Technology)
The Owl and the Nightingale (e-text of J.W.H. Atkins's 1922 edition of the Jes. Col., Oxford MS 29 text) (Electronic Text Center, U. of Virginia)
Pater Noster: The Lord's Prayer (collection of translations and adaptations of the Lord's Prayer in English, from Old English to the present) (Catherine N. Ball, Georgetown U.)
Robert Levine (Boston U.) The Pearl‑child: Topos and Archetype in the Middle English Pearl (1977)
Pearl (Humanities Text Initiative, U. Michigan)
Pre-1600 English Ballads [Show]
The History of Reynard the Fox (intro and link to 2 versions of William Caxton's 1481 translation, as edited by Henry Morley)(David Badke)
Robin Hood: The Early Poems (introductions and texts) (Thomas H. Ohlgren (Purdue U.)
Robert de Boron (The Prose Merlin; includes Robert's work as well as the anonymous sequel)(TEAMS/Camelot Project)
Richard Rolle
Incendium Amoris (e-text, with extensive notes, edited by Margaret Deanesley, 1915) (Christian Classics Ethereal Library)
The Lyrics of Richard Rolle, Hermit of Hampole (e-texts of numerous lyrics, with extensive notes) (Michael Fleming)
Richard Rolle of Hampole (bibliography) (Medieval Church.org.uk)
Richard Rolle Page (e-texts, images, and bibliography) (David Salomon, Black Hills State U., Spearfish, SD)
"The Ruin" (hypertext of poem includes translation into modern English)
Sir Beues of Hamtoun (edition of Auchinleck MS text) (National Library of Scotland)
The Siege of Jerusalem (e-text of Kolbing and Day's 1932 EETS edition) Electronic Text Center, U. of Virginia)
The Simonie (edition of Auchinleck MS text) (National Library of Scotland)
Sir Degare (edition of Auchinleck MS text) (National Library of Scotland)
Sir Orfeo (edition of Auchinleck MS text) (National Library of Scotland)
The Song of Roland (Online Medieval and Classical Library)
Thomas Usk
The Testament of Love (full e-text, with introduction and notes, edited by R. Allen Shoaf, U. of Florida) (TEAMS, Medieval Institute)
Virgil in Late Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance: An Online Bibliography (David Wilson-Okamura)
Wulfstan (writing as "Lupus"), The Electronic Sermo Lupi ad Anglos (Sermon of the Wolf) ("This edition allows you to point-and-click your way to a better understanding of one of the most important and powerful sermons of the Anglo-Saxon world . . . composed by Wulfstan, Bishop of York and Archbishop of Worcester, in approximatel

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