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Literatures (Other Than English)   Suggest a Link
General Resources in Literature (Other Than English)
AATSEEL: American Assoc. of Teachers of Slavic and East European Languages 
ACLAnet (telnet site of American Comparative Literature Assoc.; includes bulletin board, discussion groups, library of articles and program descriptions) (login as "aclanet")
AltaVista - Babel Fish Translation (translates entered texts or webpages)
The Amazing Cognate Poems Homepage (unique poetry written to illustrate a method for learning "a vast vocabulary in a foreign language by using the vocabulary you already know in your own language"; for English and romance languages) (Ellis Toussier-Ades Bigio-Antebi)
Anglistik, Romanistik, Klassische Philologie (German-language metapage of resources for English, Romance-language, and classical language and literary studies) (Armin Fingerhut)
Bibliomaniac List: Linkliste für Literatur & Bücher (in German) (Markus Kolbeck)
CLCWeb -- Comparative Literature and Culture: A WWWeb Journal (peer-reviewed)
Comparative Literature Depts. (included in English & Comparative Literature Depts. )
Computer-Assisted Language Learning (Jim Duber / Chorus)
Computerphilologie: Ein Elektronisches Forum für Literaturwissenscaftler und Literaturwissenschaftlerinnen ("devoted to the study of literary criticism and includes a collection of links, the contents of some relevant journals and an electronic journal on the use of the computer in the humanities"; in German) (Karl Eibl, Volker Deubel und Fotis
Dartmouth College Language Resource Center 
Itamar Even-Zohar (Tel Aviv U.), The Role of Literature in the Making of the Nations of Europe (1993) 
FICINO ("international electronic seminar and bulletin board for the circulation and exchange of information about the Renaissance and Reformation and the decades which precede and follow") (Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies)
Foreign Language Resources on the Web (Project Runeberg outbound links)
Humanities Faculty and Research Positions : Foreign Languages & Literatures (Chronicle of Higher Education)
Language-Related Newsgroups (Yamada Language Center, U Oregon)
Le letterature del mondo (literature metapage; in Italian) (MC-link)
Listservs on Other Literatures (Classics, European, etc.) (from UPenn listserv index)
MLA (Modern Language Assoc. of America)
Homepage of MLA 
MLA Annual Conventions 
MLA Committee & Commissions 
MLA Job Information Services 
MLA Prizes and Awards 
MLA Publications 
MLA Radio Show 
Nobel Laureates for Literature (The Nobel Prize Internet Archive)
On-Line Literary Resources: Other National Literatures (Jack Lynch, Rutgers U.)
Online Text Collections of Western European Literature (Jim Campbell, U. Virginia)
Resources of Scholarly Societies - Literature (U. Waterloo)
Responses to the Holocaust: A Hypermedia Sourcebook for the Humanities (rich, sophisticated introduction to "the various discourses, disciplines, media and institutions that have produced significant critical and theoretical positions and discussions concerning the Nazi Genocide of the Jews of Europe, 1933-45"
Romance Languages Resource Page (Sarah Hurlburt, U. Chicago)
Syllabi on the Web for Women- and Gender-Related Courses: Modern Languages (Joan Korenman, U. Maryland)
SYSTRAN Software HTML Translation Page (translates text on Web pages between English and major European languages)
Homepage of Tile.Net (interactive database of FTP servers, Usenet newsgroups, and listservs)
FTP (generates broadly- or narrowly-defined hyperlinked lists of FTP servers)
Listservs (generates broadly- or narrowly-defined hyperlinked lists of Listserv groups)
Newsgroups (generates broadly- or narrowly-defined hyperlinked lists of Usenet newsgroups)
TrADE-Net: Literature Links (Enrico Talin)
The Universe . . . Which Others Call the Library (brief bios, bibliographies, and excerpts of selected authors, primarily European, from the 19th and 20th centuries)
VCU Trail Guide to International Sites and Language Resources 
WESSWEB: Western European Specialists Section (Assoc. of College and Research Libraries)
Yamada Language Guides (Yamada Language Center, U Oregon) (extensive archive of foreign language resources)
Yamada Language Center Font Archive (fonts for displaying foreign languages)
Non-English Language Literature Journals
Prosopopeia (comparative literature journal published by graduate students of the U. Bergen, Norway, Comp. Lit. Dept.; in Norwegian) (Jill Walker)
Tympanum (comparative literary studies) (U. Southern California)
The Year's Work in Modern Language Studies (Modern Humanities Research Assoc.)
African (For African Literatures Written In English, See
African Literature on the Internet (links on scholarly associations, authors, and conferences) (Columbia U.)
African Literature Resources (links to interviews and information about critical journals) (Karen Fung)
African and Caribbean Literature in French (A guide to research and documentation) (Mohamed Mekkawi, Howard U.)
African Literature Association (ALA) (links to list-sevs, reviews, newsletters, and teaching suggestions for African literature and cinema)
African Writers: Voices of Change (catalog of major African writers, with biographical and bibliographical information) (Dan Reboussin)
Afrique Francophone (sites related to African studies, not limited to Francophone) (Thomas Spear)
AHRB Centre for Asian and African Literatures (University College London & School of Oriental and African Studies)
An Introduction to the Francophone Literature of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia (Rachid Aadnani, Debbie Folaron, Michael Toler)
Feminist and Womanist Criticism of African Literature: A Bibliography (Sharon Verba, U. of Indiana)
Francophone African Poets in English Translation (Overview of Literature, Texts and Links) (U. of Florida)
Literator: Afrikanns and other South African Literatures (on-line journal)
Ambrose Adikamkwu Monye (Central Connecticut State U.), "The Influence of Oral Literature on Modern African Literature" 
Oyekan Owomoyela, ed., Introduction to
American Association of Teachers of Arabic Homepage (links, AATA publications, original Islamic manuscripts and translations)
Arabic Literature Links (Columbia University's Middle East Studies Program)
Arabic Poetry (in Arabic) (Omar Al-Matar)
Francophone Literature of the Maghreb (Maghrebi Studies Group, State U. of New York, Binghamton)
Popular Arabic Literature of the Jews (Alan Corre, U. of Wisconsin, Madison)
Bei Dao Resources Page (poetry and interview in English) (Dartmouth U.)
Chinese Literature Resources Page (links and bibliography) (English Department, Creighton U.)
Chinese Studies Virtual Library (links and information on Chinese literature) (East Asian Collection, U. of Melbourne)
Chinese Text Initiative (texts in Chinese and Translated into English) (U. of Virginia)
Classical Chinese Poetry (essays and links to poems and Chinese literature sites) (Yefei He, U. of Iowa)
Classical Chinese Poetry (in English and Chinese with audio clips) (China the Beautiful Site)
Classical Chinese Poetry (Richard Darsie, U. California, Davis)
Li Po
"Drinking Alone" (gopher text)
"The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter" (Mary Anne Mohanraj)
Classical (see Classical Studies Page)
Dutch Literature Page (Laurens Jansz. Coster)
Dutch Modern Literature (Koninklijke Bibliotheek)
Laurens Jansz. Coster Page (Dutch literature metapage) (Marc van Ostendorp)
Mediaeval Manuscripts and Illumination (medieval & renaissance) (Koninklijke Bibliotheek)
Netherlandish Literature Until 1800 (Koninklijke Bibliotheek)
Eastern European (including Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Lithuanian, Polish, Slovak, Ukranian, formerly Yugoslavian)
General Resources in Eastern European Literatures
AATSEEL: American Assoc. of Teachers of Slavic and East European Languages 
Belarusian Poetry (Latin and Cyrillic versions of most poems) (Dz'micier Zinoujeu)
Chronological Listing of Belarusian Writers (with brief biographies and images of authors)
Bulgarian Literature (links to on-line literary journals, archives and texts) (Slavophilia Slavic and East European Resources)
Bulgarian Literature and Poetry (in Bulgarian) (Geocities site)
Welkya: a Web Magazine for Bulgarian Art and Literature (in Bulgarian and English)
Croatian E-text Project (Texts, history of Croatian literature, and links) (Croatian Web)
Croatian Literature (links on Croatian literature) (Slavophilia: Slavic and East European Resources)
Croatian National Corpus (searchable index of Croatian Literature)
Czech And Slovak
Czech and Slovak Literature (James Naughton, Oxford U.)
History of Czech Literature (Czech Travelnet)
Knihovna Elektronickych Publikaci (Czech Web-archive of online books) (David Dousa)
Milan Kundera
Milan Kundera Page (selected bibliography with some annotations) (Hasbiniz Web Library)
Milan Kundera Page (bibliography) (Martin Irvine, Georgetown U.)
Medieval Slavic Studies (David J. Birnbaum, U. of Pittsburgh)
Lithuanian Literature on the Web (Lithuanian Classic Literature Anthology)
Lithuanian Poetry (Valdas Anelauskas)
Bibliografia Poezji Polskiej (Bibliography of Polish Poetry) (Roman Antoszewski)
Czeslaw Milosz 
Polish Literature in English Translation (comprehensive database of English translations of Polish literature available in print and on the Web) (Constance J. Ostrowski, Schenectady County COmmunity C.)
Polish Literature on the Internet (Pamela Pavliscak / American Assoc. of Teachers of Slavic and East European Languages)
Polish Literature Fund (in English) (announcements and funding opportunities for translation)
Wislawa Szymborska (biography, Nobel Prize announcement, poetry) (Polishworld.com)
BRAMA: Ukranian Literature 
(Formerly Known As) Yugoslavian (Yugoslavian, Serbian, Serbo-Croatian Literature)
The Book of Home Literature (Yugoslavian, Serbian, Serbo-Croatian literature; all resources in Serbian related languages) (stojkov@het.brown.edu)
General Resources
ABU Bibliothèqe: Association des Bibliophiles Universelle 
ARTFL (Univ. of Chicago Project for American and French Research on the Treasury of the French Language) 
Association des Bibliophiles Universels 
Athena (extensive metapage of French and Swiss literary, arts, and scientific works) (Pierre Perroud)
Checklist of Editions of Major French Authors in Oxford (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
Chez Babbs, Salon Litteraire (Eluard, Baudelaire, Queneeau, Le Bernin, Rimbaud, Hugo, etc.)
Chroniques de Cybérie (French-language newsletter listing French-language sites in Canada and Europe) (Jean-Pierre Cloutier)
Dave's French Literature Links (created with David A. Gatwood's makehtml program from links by Bob Peckham ["TennesseeBob"])
Ecila: Internet Search Engine for French Resources ("searches the keywords you specify in a database of documents, all of which are located in France . . . returns a list of URLs found and a short summary of the content of each page")
The French Collection at UVA 
French-Language Newsgroups by Subjects 
French Libraries (gopher)
Hapax: French Resources on the Web 
La littérature et l'internet 
La République des Lettres (in French; includes online texts for articles since 1994)
Le Français Vivant (French language and literature resources) (Michel Billard Sirakawa, U Orleans)
Le gopher LITTERATURES de l'Universite de Montreal 
Les Nouvelles Ruines Circulaires (literature and theory metapage)
Letteratura francese (metapage in Italian) (Le Letterature del Mondo) (MC-link)
L'Explorateur Culturel (francophone culture and cyberculture metapage) (Ambassade de France, Ottawa)
République Internationale des Lettres 
Tennessee Bob's Famous French Links 
Théâtrales (French-language page of hypertext resources in theater studies) (Andre G. Bourassa)
University of Virginia's On-line Collection of French Texts 
Un peu de poésie française et quelques extraits de textes...4/4/95 
Voltaire Foundation (Oxford U.)
General Resources
The Anglo-Norman On-Line Hub (links to articles on Anglo-Norman language and culture, as well as description of on-line dictionary project) (U. of Wales, Aberystwyth, and U. of Wales, Swansea)
Bibliothèque nationale de France 
French Middle Ages (comprehensive set of links, by David A. Gatwood) (Globe-Gate Project, TennesseeBob Peckham, U. of Tennessee at Martin)
French Medieval Literature & Civilization (The Labyrinth)
Cristian-Ioan Pânzaru (U. of Bucharest) Introduction à l'étude de la littéerature médiévale française (links to numerous study guides for aspects of medieval French literature, in French)
Old French on the Web (site with numerous links to Old French texts, to linguistic aids, and to cultural background information) (Joseph E. Price, Indiana U.)
Le théâtre médiévale (homepage linking to some 19 e-texts of plays in Old French, with an emphasis on mystery plays) (Rennes U.)
Authors and Anonymous Works (anonymous works alphabetized by standard title; some works are arranged by common subject or provenance)
Adam de la Halle [Show]
Albéric de Pisançon ou de Briançon Roman d'Alexandre (author bio and link to full e-text; also includes e-texts of two other literary renditions of the Alexander legend) (Bibliotheca Augustana)
Aucassin et Nicolette [Show]
La chanson de Roland [Show]
Charles d'Orléans [Show]
Chretien de Troyes [Show]
Christine de Pizan [Show]
Eustache Deschamps [Show]
François Villon [Show]
Jean Froissart [Show]
Guillaime de Machaut [Show]
Guillaume le Clerc De la male honte 
Jean Bodel Le jeu de Saint Nicholas (intro and e-text in Old French) Mihaela Voicu, U. of Bucharest)
Marie de France [Show]
Philippe de Thaon The Bestiary of Philippe de Thaon (intro and links to 3 e-text versions, including the original Anglo-Norman of the Livre des creatures, edited by Thomas Wright) (David Badke, The Medieval Bestiary)
Le roman de Renart [Show]
Le roman de la rose (Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meun) [Show]
Thomas d'Angleterre (short bio of author, with links to e-texts of fragments of Tristan in Anglo-Norman (Bibliotheca Augustana)
Troubadours, Trouveres, and Trobaritz [Show]
La Vengeance Raguidel (complete e-text) (May Plouzeau, U. of Provence)
Wace [Show]
Council of Remiremont (12th-C. Latin verse mock-account of a church council on Love; with English introduction and annotations by Paul Pascal, U. Washington)
Cultural and Historical Contexts
Chantez-vous français?  (discussion of music in medieval and Baroque France, in French; has full treatment of linguistic aspects) (Olivier Bettens)
Chronicles [Show]
Le Moyen Âge en lumière (numerous manuscript images used to highlight aspects of medieval culture, in French)(moyenageenlumiere.com)
Musée national du Moyen Âge (homepage for Paris museum, with links to descriptions of exhibitions and collections; in French)
16th Century
Bertrand de La Borderie Discours du Voyage de Constantinoble (hypertext edition with annotations on places, person names, maps, and mythology) (Danielle Trudeau, San Jose State U.)
French Early Modern Literature (links by David A. Gatwood from a list by Bob Peckham [TennesseeBob])
17th Century
Correspondance de Pierre Bayle (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
Dictionnaire de Port-Royal au XVIIe siécle (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
Jean Racine, Phèdre (Michel Billard Sirakawa, U. Orleans)
Madame de Lafayette Book of Hours Page (unique, image- and frame-intensive, hypertext meditation inspired by "the life, time or characters of Madame de Lafayette) (Christy Sheffield Sanford)
Neoclassical Nirvana (French Neoclassical Literature) (links by David A. Gatwood from a list by Bob Peckham [TennesseeBob])
Parisian Fairground Theatre (La naissance du théâtre de la foire à Paris: 1678 février 3) (in French) (Barry Russell)
18th Century
Dictionnaire de la presse 1600-1789 (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
Denis Diderot
Denis Diderot (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Encyclopédie de Diderot et d'Alembert (searchable)
Portraits Of Diderot [Show]
Enlightened Discourse: La Litterature Francaise du XVIIIe Siecle (links by David A. Gatwood from a list by Bob Peckham [TennesseeBob])
Enlightenment Essays in Memory of Robert Shackleton (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
Jean Le Rond d'Alembert, Réflexions sur l'histoire, et sur les différentes manières de l'écrire (1821) (Cromohs)
Cahiers Montesquieu (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
Oeuvres complètes (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
Robert Shackleton, Essays on Montesquieu and on the Enlightenment (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
Neoclassical Nirvana (French Neoclassical Literature) (links by David A. Gatwood from a list by Bob Peckham [TennesseeBob])
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Criticism [Show]
Home Pages & Projects [Show]
Picture of Rousseau (Philosopher's Gallery, U. Waterloo)
Writings [Show]
Bibliographie analytique des Écrits relatifs …Voltaire 1966-1990 (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
Candide  (www.literature.org)
"Histoire"(Encyclopédie, tome VIII, 1765) (Cromohs)
Livre dangereux. Voltaire's Dictionnaire Philosophique (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
Oeuvres complètes (bibliographical info only) (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
The Philosophical Dictionary (study guide) (Paul Brians, Washington State U.)
Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
A Treatise on Toleration (introductory headnote and excerpts, trans. Richard Hooker; from the Harper-Collins World Civilizations Reader)
Voltaire Électronique (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
Voltaire and his World: Studies Presented to W. H. Barber (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
Voltaire Society of America (Jack Iverson, ARTFL Project, U. Chicago)
French Revolution
French Revolutionary Pamphlets (Mark Olsen, U. Chicago/ARTFL)
Révolution française et 'vandalisme révolutionnaire' (Voltaire Foundation, Oxford U.)
19th Century
19th Century French Literature (links by David A. Gatwood from a list by Bob Peckham [TennesseeBob])
Charles Baudelaire
"Cats" (Angus McIntyre)
To the Reader (from The Flowers of Evil) (Angus McIntyre)
Guy De Maupassant
Guy de Maupassant Page (in French) (Thierry Selva, U. de Franche, Comte)
Red Mona (a mixed genre work using "flash-cards" with text, images, sound inspired by the Guy de Maupassant story, Petit Soldat) (Christy Sheffield Sanford)
Paul Verlaine: Quelques poèmes (J. Bétréma)
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (Anarchist Archive)
System of Economical Contradictions: or, the Philosophy of Misery (TEI-conformant) (Charles Keller/U. Virginia)
What is Property? An Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government (TEI-conformant) (Charles Keller/U. Virginia)
Arthur Rimbaud
Arthur Rimbaud Special Collection (Marie-Line Boy)
Emile Zola
Germinal (study guide) (Paul Brians, Washington State U.)
20th Century
André Malraux Page (Katharena Eiermann)
Antoine de Saint-Exupery (Steven Friedman)
Antonin Artaud
Antonin Artaud Page (Bohemian Ink)
Antonin Artaud (WFMU radio)
The Letters of Steven Spielberg and Antonin Artaud ("the following letters constitute the artist's only known post-mortem correspondence with the Hollywood power elite"; Peter Mattei)
"Manifesto in Clear Language" (from pugzine.com archive)
Susan Sontag, "Antonin Artaud" (Laura Beken)
Maurice Blanchot
Stephen Mitchelmore, "The Absent Voice" (2002) (critical and retrospective essay on Blanchot) (Spike Magazine)
André Breton, "What is Surrealism?" 
Marguerite Duras
Des Extraits de M. Duras (Nam Tu Nguyen)
Marguerite Duras (Kimmo Saaskilahti)
Marguerite Duras Bibliography (annotated by Patrick Coppens)
Marguerite Duras (France 3 en ligne)
Jean Giono, "The Man Who Planted Trees" (1953) (short story, trans. Peter Doyle)
Marcel Proust
The Kolb-Proust Archive for Research (U. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)
TempsPerdu.com (site devoted to Marcel Proust's À la recherche du temps perdu; includes links to other Proust sites, annotated bibliography, comprehensive list of characters, etc.) (Mark Calkins, San Jose State U.)
Alain Robbe-Grillet
Alain Robbe-Grillet Page (John Leo)
Alain Robbe-Grillet Bibliography (John Leo)
Surrealist Love Poems (three poems by Jacques-Bernard Brunius, Paul Eluard, and Joyce Mansour excerpted from Mary Ann Caws, ed., Surrealist Love Poems [2002])
Fables de Jean de La Fontaine 
"French 315" (Christopher G. Fox, Emory U.) 
French Depts.
Queen's U. French Studies Dept. 
U. Chicago Romance Languages and Literatures Dept. 
UCLA French Dept. 
U. Connecticut English Dept. 
UCSB Dept. of French and Italian 
U. Montreal Département d'études françaises (Christian Allègre)
U. Victoria French Dept. 
French Literature Conferences
From Manuscript to CD-Rom: Reexamining Text, Image, and Performance (UCSB, Feb. 16-17, 1996) (announcement & call for papers) (UCSB French & Italian Dept.)
Gaelic & Celtic (see Minority Studies: Gaelic/Celtic)(see also Irish, Scottish, and Welsh on Other Literatures Written in English page)
Homepage (see also Irish, Scottish, and Welsh on
General Resources in German Literature
Computerphilologie: Ein Elektronisches Forum für Literaturwissenscaftler und Literaturwissenschaftlerinnen ("devoted to the study of literary criticism and includes a collection of links, the contents of some relevant journals and an electronic journal on the use of the computer in the humanities"; in German) (Karl Eibl, Volker Deubel und Fotis
DGFK Begruessungsseite (WWW Site of the German Assoc. for Advancement of Culture--English version)
The German Internet Project (U North Carolina, Greensboro)
German Libraries
Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich) (telnet: type "starte," then Return and Return) (Lynx users: to quit, use the appropriate exit command from inside the telnet session since "^]" from this site will suspend Lynx)
Bibliothekskataloge (German libraries online)
HBZ Deutsche Bibliotheken Online (German libraries online)
Universitaetsbibliothek Muenchen 
German Studies & Germany (The Rhetoric Server, UC Berkeley)
German Studies Web (WESSWEB, Assoc. of College and Research Libraries)
Handbook of German Literary Mag/Zines (in German) (Sabrina Ortmann und Enno E. Peter)
H-SOZ-U-KULT (Web site and archives of the discussion list for German humanities, social history, and cultural history; in German)
Knut's Pages /German WEB 
Literarisches Leben - Datenbank zu den deutschsprachigen Ländern 1945-2000 (database containing entries on post-war literary life in German-speaking countries)
Lixl-Purcell's German WWW Trails (Andrea Lixl-Purcell, U North Carolina, Greensboro)
Lixl-Purcell's German WWW Trails: Language & Culture (Andrea Lixl-Purcell, U North Carolina, Greensboro)
Munich Found Online ("Bavaria's leading english-language, monthly Magazine dedicated to providing its international audience with a discerning mix of culture, history, commentary, art, and politics")
19th-Century German Stories: Web Editions for Language Learning & Literary Study (German & English versions of stories) (Robert Godwin-Jones, Virginia Commonwealth U.)
Nützliche Informationen für Geisteswissenschaftler (German-language humanities page; includes resources in history, philosophy, political science, sociology, literature, German language and literature, philology, etc.) (Armin Fingerhut)
Society for Germanic Philology (Anna Grotans & Gregor Hens)
WWW Servers for Germanic Studies (Goethe Institute)
WWW Virtual Library: German Subject Catalogue 
19th-Century German Literature Online 
Der Standard: Cyber-Kultur im Internet (in German)
The German Internet Project: The Berlin Wall 1961-1989 (U. North Carolina, Greensboro)
Goethe Institute Home Page 
Goethe Institute: Publications (in German)
Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
Faust (Virginia Tech)
Faust (study guide) (Paul Brians, Washington State U.)
Hermann Hesse
Hermann Hesse Home Page (Gunther Gottschalk, U. California, Santa Barbara)
E. T. A. Hoffmann
"Councillor Krespel" (English translation) (19th-Century German Stories)
"Mlle de Scuderi" (English translation) (19th-Century German Stories)
"The Sandman" (English translation) (19th-Century German Stories)
"The Story of the Hard Nut" (English translation) (19th-Century German Stories)
Arno Holz, Phantasus (1898) (trans. David Dodd, U. Colorado, Colorado Springs)
Franz Kafka
The Castle: Joseph K's Franz Kafka Homepage
Homepage (C.M. Wisniewski)
Selected Resources:  
Kafka-Related Links 
Kafka Texts 
Kafka Timeline 
Franz Kafka Page (Katharena Eiermann)
Kassandra Project: Visionary German Women Around 1800
Karoline von Günderrode Pages 
Outbound Links to German Culture Resources 
Laurence Rickels Online (Peter Krapp)
The Nietzsche Page at USC 
Project CyberBuch Interactive (hyper/multimedia German language instruction; a UCSB project)
Rainer Maria Rilke (Sewanee University)
Ranier Maria Rilke Archive (Geocities anthology of poetry and quotes)
Robert Wohlleben's Home Page (a variety of resources; special emphasis on the contemporary German sonnet) (in German)
Rakefat Sela-Sheffy (Tel Aviv U.), "Strategies of Canonization: Manipulating the Idea of the Novel and the Intellectual Field in Eighteenth Century German Culture" (1994) 
German Depts.
Carleton U. German Web 
U. Chicago Germanic Studies Dept. 
UCLA Germanic Languages Dept. 
UC Santa Barbara Dept. of Germanic, Slavic, & Semitic Studies 
U. Kansas Germanic Languages and Literatures 
U. North Carolina at Greensboro: German and Russian Dept. 
Ancient Greek Texts (access to Digital Library of Greek texts in English) (Perseus Project)
Classical and Modern Greek Literature (Links) (Association of College and Research Libraries)
Hellenism Net (information on Greek writers and culture)
KEIMENA (electronic texts of modern literature) (in Greek)
La Página de Literatura Guatemalteca (Juan Carlos Escobedo, U. California, Santa Barbara)
Miguel Ángel Asturias Page (in Spanish) (Juan Carlos Escobedo, U. California, Santa Barbara)
General Resourcesin Italian Literature
Antologia (frammentaria) della Letteratura Italiana (Italian literature in HTML) (CSR4: Center for Advanced Studies, Research and Development, Sardinia)
CRILET: Center for Research in Computing and Literary Studies (U. Rome)
Duecento: Italian Poetry from the Origins to Dante (large e-text archive; online searchable version & more fully-featured, downloadable version; in Italian) (Francesco Bonomi)
Duecento: Italian Poetry from the Origins to Dante (large e-text archive; online searchable version & more fully-featured, downloadable version; in Italian) (Francesco Bonomi)
Guido Mazzoni Pamphlet Collection (catalogue of 49,000+ items in the Duke U. collection of pamphlets, newspapers, clippings, librettos, broadsides, and other ephemera of Italian culture from the late-16th century through 1943
Italian Literature in Hypertext 
Le letterature del mondo (literature metapage; in Italian) (MC-link)
Libreria al Sole (online bookseller of Italian books based in Lugano)
Online Literature in Italian (Giovanni Zicarelli)
Giovanni Boccaccio
Giovanni Boccaccio
The Decameron Web [Show]
The Decameron Web
Homepage of Decameron Web (Brown U. Italian Studies)
Boccaccio the Man 
Critical Apparatus 
Maps and Charts 
Medieval Society 
The Plague 
Text of Decameron 
Italo Calvino,
Outside the Town of Malbork (Italo Calvino Page) (Todd Corner, Michigan State U.)
The Colonna Project (Francesco Colonna's Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, 15th C.) ("When . . . initially published, it was a technical achievement in a barely fledgling craft. The world of publishing was a rough and tumble place - but Aldus Manutius, a scholar already in advancing years, brought together pre-eminent scholars
Dante Alighieri
General Resources
Dante Project 
Renaissance Dante in Print (1472-1629) [Show]
R.A. Shoaf (U. Florida), Dante, Chaucer, and the Currency of the Word (hypertext "postprint" of Shoaf's book originally published in 1983)
The Divine Comedy
Cartographic Illustration of Paradiso from 15th-century Italian Manuscript 
La Divina Commedia (in Italian)
La Vita Nuova (in Italian)
The World of Dante ("hypermedia environment for the study of the Inferno" based on SGML encoded text) (Deborah Parker, U. Virginia)
Renaissance Dante in Print (1472-1629)
Homepage (Theodore Cachey, Louis Jordan, Christian Dupont, Mark Olsen)
Dante Chronology (text)
Dante's Hell 
History of Dante Title Pages 
The Divine Comedy [Show]
Duecento: Italian Poetry from the Origins to Dante (large e-text archive; online searchable version & more fully-featured, downloadable version; in Italian) (Francesco Bonomi)
Umberto Eco
The Garden of Forking Paths: A Jorge Luis Borges Website (Allen B. Ruch)
Umberto Eco (Robert Bruce)
A Leonardo da Vinci Notebook (Codex Arundel) (British Library exhibit)
Nicolo Machiavelli (on Philosophy page) 
Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca)
Petrarch: Sonnets and Canzone (in English and Italian) (Richard Darsie, U. California, Davis)
Italian Depts.
Rutgers University Department of Italian 
UCSB Dept. of French and Italian 
AHRB Centre for Asian and African Literatures (University College London & School of Oriental and African Studies)
Haiku Cupboard 
Japanese Text Initiative (versions of texts in Japanese (EUC) characters, a Roman transliteration, and a new English translation; full access to Japanese texts and the multilingual search feature requires EUC-capable software) (U. Virginia Library Electronic Text Center &am
Ogura Hyakunin Isshu, or 100 Poems by 100 Poets (anthology of "waka" or tanka court poetry possibly compiled by the 13th-century critic and poet Fujiwara no Sadaie, also known as Teika) (Japanese Text Initiative/U. Virginia Library Electronic Text Center & U. Pittsburgh East Asian L
Shiki Internet Haiku Server 
Tanka and Sijo Poetry 
Guide to Korean Collections in North America (List of Libraries' Korean holdings) (Yoon-whan Choe, U. of Washington)
Korean Literature Today (an online journal of Korean poetry in English and translated into English)
Korea's Writers (provides information on Korea's key writers)
Reference Sources on Korean Literature (bibliography) (Kyungmi Chun, U. of Hawaii at Manoa Library)
Sijo Poetry Page (Larry Gross)
Sijo Poetry (Elizabeth St Jacques)
Tanka and Sijo Poetry 
UCLA Center for Korean Studies 
Persian Literature (biographies, book reviews and classic and modern poetry) (Iranian Cultural & Information Center, Stanford U.)
Persian Literature Links (Columbia U. Middle East Studies)
Persian Literature (essays, poems, children's literature and links) (in English and Farsi) (Iranonline Site)
Persian Literature In English (translations from Farsi to English)(Said Boluriaan Esfahaani, Pennsylvania State U.)
Persian Literature In Farsi (Said Boluriaan Esfahaani, Pennsylvania State U.)
Persian Poetry, Poets and Art (ParsNet Inc.)
Treasures of Persian Literature (in English and Farsi) (Behrouz Homayoun Far, Saitama U., Japan)
Polish Literature in English Translation (comprehensive database of English translations of Polish literature available in print and on the Web) (Constance J. Ostrowski, Schenectady County COmmunity C.)
Russian (for Belarusian, Bulgarian, Lithuanian, and Ukranian see Eastern European)
AATSEEL: American Assoc. of Teachers of Slavic and East European Languages 
Mikhail Bulgakov
Mikhail Bulgakov in the Western World: A Bibliography (Katherine Konchakovska and Bohdan Yasinsky, Library of Congress)
Mikhail Bulgakov (John Morelli)
Dostoyevsky: Notes from Underground (study guide) (Paul Brians, Washington State U.)
EYE aj!: Russia Poetry Magazine 
From the Ends to the Beginning: A Bilingual Anthology of Russian Verse (online texts of Russian poems and English translations, Realaudio recordings of poetry performances, extensive resource and link pages) (Editors: Ilya Kutik and Andrew Wachtel, Northwestern U.)
On-Line Russian Literature (Russian On-Line Literary Society)
The Pushkin Page (Stephany Gould, James Madison U., Virginia)
Simon Hawkin's Russian Page (dictionaries, literature, Russian servers, etc.)
Tolstoy Library (electronic text material, both primary and critical, related to Tolstoy)
Scandinavian (including Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish)
General Resources
Letterature scandinave (metapage in Italian) (Le Letterature del Mondo) (MC-link)
Project Runeberg: Nordic Literature and Art (Lysator, Linköping U., Sweden)
Danish Hypertext Library and Text Archive (Royal Library, Cophenhagen)
Danish Literature before 1945 (chronology and brief history of Danish literature) (Royal Danish Embassy)
Danish National Archive of Literature (online texts in Danish)
Hans Christian Andersen (bibliography, biography, images and online texts) (Zvi Har'El)
Jónas Hallgrímsson: Selected Poetry and Prose (edited and translated by Dick Ringler, U. Wisconsin-Madison; includes commentary and audio filesof poems read in original language) (Web development, Peter C. Gorman, U. Wisconsin-Madison)
Netutgafan (collection of sagas; in Icelandic)
Old Norse and Modern Icelandic Literature Links (U. Virginia Electronic Text Initiative)
Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson (biographies, summaries of works,
Call for Papers Relating to Ibsen Studies 
Concordance to A Doll House by Henrik Ibsen (Iowa State U.)
The Ibsen Centre Homepage (biography, bibliographies, concordances, databases, discussion groups, electronic texts and critical essays in English)
Jens Bjørneboe in English (Esther Greenleaf Mürer)
Nordic Theatre Studies 
Norwegian Writers' Web (links on authors and playwrights in English)
Concordance to The Father by August Strindberg (Iowa State U.)
Strindberg goes Cyberspace (biography and links) (in English and Swedish)
Swedish Literature Links (U Virginia Electronic Text Initiative)
Spanish & Portuguese (nncluding Latin American, Mexican)
General Resources in Spanish & Portuguese Lit.
Language and Culture (Sí Spain / Embassy of Spain in Ottawa, Canada)
Latino Literature Web Page (Lisette Blanco-Cerda y Abbott)
Letteratura spagnola (metapage in Italian) (Le Letterature del Mondo) (MC-link)
Literatura hispana (extensive links to literature from a number of Spanish speaking countries) (Cara Morey, Griffith University, Australia)
Literature in Latin America (LANIC, U. Texas, Austin)
Literature In Portuguese
Biblioteca Virtual de Língua e Literatura 
Portuguese Studies (Modern Humanities Research Assoc.)
Literature In Spanish
Jorge Luis Borges
Home Pages & General Resources [Show]
Writings [Show]
Miguel De Cervantes
Cervantes Project 2001 (large-scale project intending to "publish in print and as an electronic database the Cervantes International Bibliography Online and the Anuario Bibliográfico Cervantino, . . . several electronic editions of
The Don Quixote Exhibit (exhibit features the holdings of the George Peabody Library, Johns Hopkins U., related to the Cervantes novel)
The Cervantes Project (Eduardo Urbina, Texas A&M U.)
Julio Cortazar
Julio Cortazar Page (biography and works) (Literatura Argentina)
Julio Danis Cortazar Page (Subir Grewal)
Ernesto Cardenal (Yvon D. Roustan)
Gioconda Belli (Yvon D. Roustan)
Jose Donoso Manuscript Collection (Princeton U. Libraries)
José Coronel Urtecho (Yvon D. Roustan)
Literatura Argentina Contemporánea (links to criticism, texts, biographies and pictures of contemporary Argentinian writers, in Spanish) (Eduardo Tabacman, Elena Achával, Ernesto Resnik)
Federíco García Lorca
Cien Años de Lorca: la obra, los dibujos, las fotos (Museo del Gayo)
Lorca Links (Augenstein Hannot)
Mario Vargas Llosa Papers (Princeton U. Libraries)
Gabriel García Márquez
Gabriel García Márquez Page (links, biography, bibliography) (Bohemian Ink)
Macondo: A Gabriel García Márquez Website (Allen B. Ruch)
Octavio Paz Page (Pages of Twentieth Century Mexican Poetry)
On Contemporary Venezuelan Literature (information on authors and publications) (Francisco Rivera)
Pablo Antonio Cuadra (Yvon D. Roustan)
Pablo Neruda Page (in Spanish) (U. Chile)
Pacasmayo ("literatura peruana, y especialmente de la provincia y el puerto de Pacasmayo") (Felipe Polo Wood)
Pere Gimferrer Page (in Spanish) (Enric Bou, Brown U.)
Peruvian Literature Page (in Spanish) (Alfredo Elejalde F.)
Romanticism: the Artistic Expression of Liberalism (Sí Spain / Embassy of Spain in Ottawa, Canada)
Rubén Darío (Yvon D. Roustan)
Salomon de la Selva (Yvon D. Roustan)
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz Project (info and texts related to the 17th-century Mexican poet) (Luis M. Villar, Dartmouth C.)
Venezuelan Writers (from homepage, click on "Culture" for more on literature) (Embassy of Venezuela)
Spanish & Portuguese Depts.
U. California Santa Barbara Spanish & Portuguese Dept. 
U. Chicago Romance Languages and Literatures Dept. 
Subcontinental (for subcontinental literaratures written in English, see Other Literatures Written in English: Subcontinental)
Darpan ("literary magazine devoted to reflections on India") (students at U. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)
Great Personalities in the History of Bengali Literature
Homepage of Some Great Personalities in the History of Bengali Literature (Arghya Chatterjee)
Isvar Chandra Gupta 
Jivanananda Das 
Sukumar Roy 
Indolink Indian Poetry Site (contemporary and classic poems online) (many in English or Hindi) (Indolink)
Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy Page (Hasbiniz Web Library)
SASIALIT Mailing List: Literature of South Asia and the Indian Diaspora (archive for the list) (Prentiss Riddle, Rice U.)
Turkish Language and Literature Page (extensive links) (Columbia U.)
Turkish Literature in the Twentieth Century: Turkology Update Leiden Project (Leiden U.)
Turkish Poetry Home Page 
Celtic Language and Literature Bibliography (mostly Welsh and Breton) (Chris Grooms, Collin County Community College District, Texas)
Gaelic Songs ("10 popular Gaelic songs with vocabulary list and translation for each") (Tom Thomson)
"History and Status of the Welsh Language" (Geraint Jones, Oxford U.)
A Wales Reading List (Universitätsbibliothek Mannheim)
Welsh Authors Page (designed both to introduce modern Welsh authors and to "aid experienced learners fill the gaps between speaking, writing and reading the Welsh language") (Chris Grooms, Collin County Community College District, Texas)
Other Non-English Literatures
Les Pages Jèrriaises ("site for language and literature in Jèrriais, the traditional language of Jersey, Channel Islands;" includes "poems, texts, Jèrriais-English vocabulary lists, pages of traditional sayings and proverbs") (Geraint Jennings)

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